Gloster Meteor T7

The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft to achieve combat operations during the Second World War. The Meteor's development was heavily reliant on its ground-breaking turbojet engines, pioneered by Sir Frank Whittle and his company, Power Jets Ltd. Development of the aircraft began in 1940, although work on the engines had been under way since 1936. The Meteor first flew in 1943 and commenced operations on 27 July 1944 with No. 616 Squadron RAF. The Meteor was not a sophisticated aircraft in its aerodynamics, but proved to be a successful combat fighter.

While the Meteor only saw limited action in WWII, in 1944 and '45 RAF Meteors used their great speed to shoot down V1 missiles launched by the Germans.  Furthermore, several Meteor pilots creatively downed V1s by tipping them over with their wingtips, an aviation first.   Later on the in the war the Meteor proved an effective ground attack fighter, but she never saw combat against the German ME262.

After the war the Meteor scored many firsts, including the airspeed record in 1945, the first turboprop, and the first jet with ejection seats.

Our Meteor, N313Q

 

 

 

Specifications (Meteor T7)

 

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two

  • Length: 44 ft 7 in

  • Wingspan: 37 ft 2 in

  • Height: 13 ft 0 in

  • Wing Area: 350 ft2

  • Empty Weight: 10,684 lb

  • Gross Weight: 15,700 lb

  • Powerplant: 2 × Derwent 9  turbojets, 3600 lbf thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 542 kts, 623 mph

  • Range: 522 nmi, 600 mi

  • Service Ceiling: 43,300 ft

  • Rate of Climb: 7000 ft/min

  • Thrust to Weight:  .45

Armament

  • Underwing Hardpoints

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